Piera Ruffinatto – La fedeltà allo “spirito di don Bosco” chiave interpretativa della metodologia educativa delle FMA

La storia dell’Istituto delle Figlie di Maria Ausiliatrice è costantemente permeata dal riferimento al Fondatore san Giovanni Bosco,presupposto che garantisce la vitalità e la continuità della sua missione educativa lungo il tempo. Il ritornare con intelligenza e senso critico alle proprie radici, infatti, è un’azione imprescindibile al fine di orientare in modo saggio e coraggioso le scelte operative nel campo dell’educazione cristiana dei giovani e delle giovani.

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Grazia Loparco,Paola Cuccioli – Donne tra beneficienza ed educazione. La «Lega del Bene “Vittorio Emmanuelle III”» a Pavia (1914-1936)

La ricchezza di questa storia non sta in una semplice visione d’insieme, ma nelle pieghe che esse svela, nelle sue luci e nelle sue ombre, descrivendo i passaggi da un periodo all’altro, la fisionomia delle persone coinvolte nell’avventura, l’adattamento ai tempi.
Si coglie così, con piacere, che la “Lega del Bene” è una fondazione assistenziale prettamente femminile, voluta dalla Martinetti e sostenuta inizialmente soprattutto da altre donne benestanti di Pavia; che la Martinetti aveva cercato di aiutare i minorenni non solo sotto l’aspetto pratico, cioè con la sua fondazione, ma aveva anche tentato di promuovere una riflessione sulle loro difficoltà, per poter arrivare a migliorare gli interventi in loro favore; che il fascismo ha influito sulla struttura della istituzione, facendola rientrare nel grande complesso delle opere sovvenzionate dall’ONMI e portandola anche a mutare parzialmente il suo fine originario che, non mettendo più in primo piano il minorenne, si concentra – col 1931 – anche sul bambino divezzo; infine, che anche la chiamata di un istituto religioso – le Figlie di Maria Ausiliatrice – risponde ai segni dei tempi e a quanto si verifica in altre istituzioni, per rendere stabili le opere e – viene pure sottolineato – per diminuire le spese del “Nido”.

Periodo di riferimento: 1914 – 1936

Paola Cuccioli –  Grazia Loparco (eds.), Donne tra beneficienza ed educazione. La «Lega del Bene “Vittorio Emmanuelle III”» a Pavia (1914-1936), Roma, LAS 2003.

Istituzione di riferimento:
Pontificia Facoltà di Scienze dell’Educazione “Auxilium”
Pontificia Facoltà di Scienze dell'Educazione

Giovanni Bosco – First salesian colleges founded outside Turin (1863-1864)

“One and not the last study by Don Bosco this year,” writes J. B. Lemoyne referring to 1863 “was the foundation of the college at Mirabello. He had written up its regulations, using the ones at the Oratory as a basis, specifying all the duties of individual superiors and of the pupils, changing what might not be appropriate for the nature of this Institute.” These “regulations,” that remained simply handwritten for many years, according to what we have from Lemoyne, “had to be the founding statute for all the other Houses that would be opened over time. This meant they were given much importance.”

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Giovanni Bosco – Pedagogical and didactic principles and disciplinary matters (1846-1879

The ten brief documents that follow—some perhaps less known than the previous ones in Salesian history—are also interesting from the point of view of the maturing and practice of Don Bosco’s educational system. We have a necessarily limited selection here of personal letters to people responsible for public education, or to young people and teachers, and circulars on pedagogical and didactic issues.

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Giovanni Bosco – Reminders to practise the Preventive System (1884-1885)

In his 1877 booklet on pedagogy, Don Bosco highlights the advantages of the Preventive System and other reasons for which it should be preferred. At the same time he recognises that the “practical application” of the educational approach he is proposing implies “certain difficulties” for educators.

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Giovanni Bosco – Prevention and education (1877-1878): The Preventive System in the Education of the Young

The Preventive System in the education of the young (1877) is one of the most important and widespread documents by the founder of the Salesians and the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians. It is the first more or less complete account—despite its small size—that Don Bosco had put together on his educational approach. It is with this “small treatise” that his reputation as educator and pedagogue became so intimately linked.

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Giovanni Bosco – Guidelines for running salesian houses (1863-1887)

The origin of this authoritative document, the Confidential Reminders, is a letter written to Fr Michael Rua whom Don Bosco called on to take up the running of the first Salesian house outside Turin in autumn 1863: the college or junior seminary of St Charles in Mirabello Monferrato. In a letter sent to the young Rector/Director, Don Bosco wanted to pass on pedagogical and spiritual guidelines which had already been in practice at Valdocco. These were to also characterise the apostolic and educational work in the new foundation.

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Giovanni Bosco – Don Bosco’s educational method in confidential discussions with a politician (1854) and an elementary school teacher (1864)

“Even though these were written down later (1881-1882), two presentations which Don Bosco made regarding his educational system are trustworthy. They were conversations that took place in 1854 and 1864. The first was with a Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia, Urban Rattazzi; the other with an elementary teacher, Francis Bodrato.”

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